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General John P. Lucas was in command of the seaborne assault and amphibious landings. In the early morning of 22nd January 1944, under cover of darkness, 110,000 American and British troops were landed at Anzio.
At first this seemed to have caught the Germans unaware, as the Allies were met with little resistance. The beaches to the north and to the south of the town were taken and also the port.
However Lucas hesitated instead of attacking further inland, choosing to first secure the beach head. The delay proved to be his downfall, as it gave the Germans time to muster reinforcements and organise a counter attack.
On 30th January General Lucas finally decided to attack, sending the Americans to take the town of Cisterna di Latina and the British to take Campoleone, however both assaults disastrously ended in failure. On the 3rd February the Germans bombarded the British and they lost 1400 soldiers.
Between 7th and 9th February the Germans attacked Aprilia and forced the British to withdraw. On February 11th and 12th the 45th American Division were deployed to bolster the British, however their two attacks also failed.
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